Orissa Dance & Music
has a glorious tradition of music.The figures or dancers musicians Carved on
ancient temple walls speak of Orissa's rich musical heritage. There were saint-poets
of Orissa who composed lyrical poems to be sung. Bards usually went from place
to place singing these songs which were meant to propagate religious ideas in
various religious. instructions were usually given by the poet himself as to
how the lyric was to be sung, i.e. the raga or tune to be employed and the tala
or beat scheme to be followed.
By the 11th Century AD folk music or Orissa existing in the form of Triswari,
Chatuhswari, and Panchaswari was modified into the classical style.
Odissi Music is a classical form consisting of all the necessary ingredients
common to Hindustani and Karnatic Music, such as rags and tala Jayadeva' was
the first Oriya poet who composed lyrics meant to be sung and thus the words
of those Lyrics were musical to start with. in addition he indicated the classical
ragas prevailing At the time in which these were to be sung. Prior to this there
was the tradition Of chhandas which were simple in musical outline. From the
16th century onwards Treatises on music were written or compiled in Orissa.
They were Sangitamava Chandrika, Gita Prakasha, Sangita Kalalata and Natya Manorama.
Two treatises namely, Sangita Sarani and Sangita Narayana were also written
in the early 19th century.
Odissi sangita is a synthesis of four classes of music, i.e. dhruvapada, chitrapada,
chitrakala and panchal, described in the above-mentioned texts. The dhruvapada
is the first line or lines to be sung repeatedly. The use of art in music is
Kavisurya Baladeva Rath, the renowned Oriya poet wrote lyrics which are the
best examples of chitrakala. Chitrapada means the arrangement of words in an
alliterative style. All these were combined to form the style peculiar to Odissi
music. Chhanda (metrical section) contains the essence of Odissi music. The
chhandas were composed combining bhava (theme), kala (time), and swara (tune)
The chaurisha represents the originality of Odissi style. All the thirty-four
letters of the Oriya alphabet from 'Ka' to 'Ksha' are used chronologically at
the beginning of each line. A special feature of Odissi music is the padi which
consists of words to be sung in druta tala (fast beat). Odissi music can be
sung to different talas: navatala nine beats), dashatala(ten beats) or egar
tala (eleven beats).
Odissi ragas are different from the ragas of Hindustani and Karnataki music.
The chief Odissi ragas are Kalyana, Nata, Shree Gowda, Baradi, Panchama, Dhanashri,
Karnata, Bhairavee and Shokabaradi.
Thus we see, that classical Odissi music lacks nothing in grammar, rhetoric
or composition to compare with Hindustani or Karnataki styles. It owes much
to Jayadev, the saint-poet, the great composer and illustrious master of classical
The greatest exponents of Odissi music in modern times are the late Singhari
Shyamasundar Kar, Markeandeya Mahapatra, Kashinath Pujapanda, Balakirshan Das,
Bhubaneswari Misra and Shymamani Devi. Who have achieved eminence in classical
music include among others Sunanda Patnaik.
Odissi dance is the typical classical dance form of Orissa and
has its origin in the temples. The rhythm, the bhangis and mudras used in Odissi
dance have a distinctive quality of their own. Odissi dance deals largely with
the love theme of Radha and Krishna. It is a lyrical form of dance with its
subtelety as its keynote. More ....
Chhau is an ancient dance form. It originated in the mock fights
of the Oriya paikas (warriors) who fought rhythmically to the accompaniment
of indigenous music instruments The highly Stylised Chhau dance of today follow
the basic principle of the Natya Shastra of Bharat Muni and the Abhinaya Darpana
of Nandikeswara More ....
Mahari Tradition of the Sri Mandira is the beautiful Parijata flower
of art an history of Utkal. It also makes living by its fragrance and the touch
of nationl. It has been doing so far from the time immoral. It has made the
art of Utkala glorious Mahari tradition is the same and one union of Lord Jagannath
and great Nari Mahari. More ....
The Jatra. Pala and Daskarhia represent important aspects of Orissan
folk culture form an integral part of the lives of the rural folk. Today television
s these programmes, thus making the city people conversant with these folk art
forms. Jatra, corresponds to folk theatre. It is the enactment of a play with
a cast and comprises music, dance, acting, singing and dramatic conflict. More
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